Biological Sciences
Biological sciences are the basic foundation for many professions. Upper-division requirements at the transfer institution will determine the area of specialization. Students should work with a faculty advisor to develop a specific program.

Professional Opportunities
Following completion of a Bachelor of Arts or Science Degree at a four-year institution of the student's choice, several avenues of employment or advancement are open. A few of these are:
  • Food Processing
  • Commercial Fisheries
  • Graduate School
  • State and Federal Wildlife agencies
  • Science teaching at elementary or secondary level
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Transfer into professional health programs (medical, dental, pharmacy, physical therapy or optometry)
  • Veterinary/Animal Science
Clark's Biological Sciences majors have had excellent success in finding placement in graduate programs, health science programs, and professional areas. Clark College offers the first two years of most Biological Sciences majors: Biology, Botany, Forestry, Genetics, Marine Biology, Microbiology, Wildlife, and Zoology. Special emphasis is placed on small class size, individual instruction, field experiences, and undergraduate research opportunities. There is good exchange between the support areas of Chemistry, Geology, and Physics to aid in developing relevant courses.
Biological Sciences (AST1)
This is a suggested program for the first two years of major study in Biological Sciences. Lower-division course requirements will vary depending on the transfer institution. Contact an advisor at the transfer institution to determine required coursework as early as possible.
General Education Requirements
Communication Skills (5 credits required)
ENGL&101
ENGLISH COMPOSITION I
5 cr.
Quantitative Skills (10 credits required)
MATH&151
CALCULUS I
5 cr.
MATH&152
CALCULUS II
5 cr.
Health & Physical Education (3 credits required)
 
Humanities & Social Sciences (15 credits required)
 
CMST&220
PUBLIC SPEAKING
5 cr.
or CMST&230
SMALL GROUP COMMUNICATION
5 cr.
or CMST&210
INTERPERSONAL COMMUNICATION
5 cr.
Humanities and Social Sciences Requirements**
10 cr.
Pre-Major Program Requirements
BIOL&221
MAJORS ECOLOGY/EVOLUTION
5 cr.
BIOL&222
MAJORS CELL/MOLECULAR
5 cr.
BIOL&223
MAJORS ORGANISMAL PHYS
5 cr.
CHEM&141
GENERAL CHEMISTRY I
4 cr.
CHEM&142
GENERAL CHEMISTRY II
4 cr.
CHEM&143
GENERAL CHEMISTRY III
4 cr.
CHEM&151
GENERAL CHEMISTRY LABORATORY I
1 cr.
CHEM&152
GENERAL CHEMISTRY LABORATORY II
1 cr.
CHEM&153
GENERAL CHEMISTRY LABORATORY III
2 cr.
MATH&153
CALCULUS III
5 cr.
or MATH 203
DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS
3 cr.
and MATH 204
INFERENTIAL STATISTICS
3 cr.
PHYS&124
GENERAL PHYSICS LAB I
1 cr.
and PHYS&134
GENERAL PHYSICS I
4 cr.
PHYS&125
GENERAL PHYSICS LAB II
1 cr.
and PHYS&135
GENERAL PHYSICS II
4 cr.
PHYS&126
GENERAL PHYSICS LAB III
1 cr.
and PHYS&136
GENERAL PHYSICS III
4 cr.
Recommended Science and Composition Electives
CHEM&241
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I
4 cr.
CHEM&242
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II
4 cr.
CHEM&243
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY III
4 cr.
CHEM&251
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY LABORATORY I
1 cr.
CHEM&252
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY LABORATORY II
1 cr.
CHEM&253
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY LABORATORY III
2 cr.
ENGL&102
ENGLISH COMPOSITION II *
5 cr.
or ENGL 109
WRITING ABOUT THE SCIENCES *
5 cr.
Science Electives (10-15 credits required)
BIOL 101
ENVIRONMENTAL BIOLOGY
5 cr.
BIOL 208
FIELD STUDIES IN BIOLOGY
1-10 cr.
or BIOL 224
FLOWERING PLANTS OF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST
5 cr.
BIOL 139
INTRODUCTION TO WILDLIFE
3 cr.
BIOL 140
MAMMALS OF THE NORTHWEST *
3 cr.
or BIOL 141
BIRDS OF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST
3 cr.
or BIOL 143
INTRODUCTION TO FORESTRY
3 cr.
BIOL 145
REPTILES & AMPHIBIANS OF THE PACIFIC NW
3 cr.
Total Required Credits: 90
* Check with chosen 4-year school.

**Minimum of five (5) credits of coursework in both Humanities and Social Sciences with the additional five (5) credits from either Humanities or Social Sciences.
Program Outcomes
Program outcomes are overarching skills that are emphasized and reinforced throughout several courses in a specific program; they are measurable statements that define what students should know or be able to do by the end of a certificate or degree at Clark College. After successful completion of this program, students will be able to:
  • Demonstrate understanding of the derivative as instantaneous rate of change and the definite integral as a limit of a Riemann sum in applied problems.
  • Analyze and solve multi-step problems using techniques through single-variable calculus, and communicate the results.
  • Apply fundamental principles and relationships from the Natural Sciences to solve problems.
  • Apply scientific methodologies to develop and answer questions about the natural world.
  • Acquire scientific information from appropriate sources to analyze issues, claims or situations.
  • Communicate with various audiences using a variety of methods.
  • Demonstrate progress toward healthier behaviors.
  • Analyze, interpret, and evaluate works and ideas in the Humanities within appropriate global and historical contexts.
  • Obtain, evaluate, and ethically use information.
  • Analyze patterns of power, privilege and inequality.
  • Evaluate, analyze, and explain events, behaviors, and institutions using perspectives and methods in the Social Sciences.
Biology DTA/MRP (AA)
This pathway is applicable to students planning to prepare for upper-division bachelor's degree majors in Biology. Many students transfer to baccalaureate institutions after completing the Associate Degree Direct Transfer Agreement (DTA); this pathway does not alter that agreement or the possibility that students may continue to follow this path. This Biology MRP streamlines and facilitates preparation for upper-division coursework in Biology across the state.

This document represents an agreement between the following baccalaureate institutions offering bachelor's degrees in Biology or a related field and the community and technical college system. Baccalaureate institutions party to this agreement include: Central Washington University; Eastern Washington University; The Evergreen State College; University of Washington Seattle; Washington State University Pullman; Western Washington University; Saint Martin's University; Seattle University; and Whitworth University.

Where the degree below allows for choice in courses, students are urged to contact potential transfer institutions to ensure that the courses chosen are best for the pathway.

Though this degree does not require such, Clark College students should know that the standard Clark AA degree path has these differences from the MRP defined below:
  • Clark requires 3 credits of Health-Physical Education coursework, and
  • As of Fall 2011, Clark requires a course in Oral Communication, and
  • Clark's Social Science distribution requirement stipulates that students take courses from at least three different departments.
Students must also meet the residency requirements as established by Clark. While Clark College has approved offering the degree below, Clark students should keep these requirements in mind should their transfer pathways change.

Students are responsible for researching and preparing for specific major requirements of baccalaureate institutions as early as possible prior to transferring.

Please visit the Major Related Programs section of this catalog to view a printable PDF of this document.
Generic DTA Requirement
A. Basic Requirements
1. Communications Skills
10 cr.
2. Quantitative/Symbolic Reasoning Requirement
5 cr.
Intermediate algebra proficiency is required.
B. Distribution Requirements
1. Humanities
15 cr.
2. Social Sciences
15 cr.
3. Natural Sciences (minimum of 15 cr.)
15 cr.
MRP Requirements
A. Basic Requirements
1. English Composition
10 cr.
2. Mathematics
5 cr.
Calculus I
B. Distribution Requirements
1. Humanities
15 cr.
Consistent with the requirements in all DTA degrees - no more than 10 credits per discipline area, 5 credits maximum in world languages or ASL. No more than 5 credits of performance/skills classes are allowed.
2. Social Sciences
15 cr.
Consistent with the requirements in all DTA degrees - no more than 10 credits per discipline area.
3. 30 quarter credits, including:
30 cr.
15 credits general biology (majors level)
15 credits general chemistry (majors level)
C. Electives
1. 15 additional quarter credits
15 cr.
Clark College Equivalents
A. Basic Requirements
1. Communication Skills
 
ENGL&101
ENGLISH COMPOSITION I
5 cr.
ENGL&102
ENGLISH COMPOSITION II
5 cr.
2. Quantitative/Symbolic Reasoning Requirement
 
MATH&151
CALCULUS I
5 cr.
B. Distribution Requirements
1. Humanities
15 cr.
2. Social Sciences
15 cr.
3. Natural Sciences
 
BIOL&221
MAJORS ECOLOGY/EVOLUTION
5 cr.
BIOL&222
MAJORS CELL/MOLECULAR
5 cr.
BIOL&223
MAJORS ORGANISMAL PHYS
5 cr.
CHEM&141
GENERAL CHEMISTRY I
4 cr.
CHEM&142
GENERAL CHEMISTRY II
4 cr.
CHEM&143
GENERAL CHEMISTRY III
4 cr.
CHEM&151
GENERAL CHEMISTRY LABORATORY I
1 cr.
CHEM&152
GENERAL CHEMISTRY LABORATORY II
1 cr.
CHEM&153
GENERAL CHEMISTRY LABORATORY III
2 cr.
C. Electives
1. 14 additional quarter credits (note: Clark's chemistry sequence has 16 credits)
14 cr.
Notes
A. Basic Requirements
 
1. May be individualized based on baccalaureate college of choice.
2. Statistics (a course that includes descriptive and inferential statistics) may substitute for Calculus I at some institutions; students are encouraged to check with the transfer institution early in their decision process to confirm requirements.
3. Intermediate Algebra proficiency may be demonstrated by successful completion of a Calculus and/or Statistics course for which Intermediate Algebra is a prerequisite.
B. Distribution Requirements
 
1. In order to better prepare for successful transfer, students are encouraged to consult with the institution(s) to which they wish to transfer regarding the humanities courses that best support or may be required as prerequisites to their Biology curriculum.
2. In order to better prepare for successful transfer, students are encouraged to consult with the institution(s) to which they wish to transfer regarding the social science courses that best support or may be required as prerequisites to their Biology curriculum.
3. A full year sequence at a single college is the best preparation for the baccalaureate biology degree.
C. Electives
 
1. Electives allow students to include additional courses to prepare for the biology major based on college selection. Examples include a full year sequence of organic chemistry for majors; a full year sequence of physics for science majors; or further math at the pre-calculus level or above or statistics.

Students should check with the transfer institution prior to taking any further biology courses beyond the one-year sequence. Some colleges require all continuing biology courses be taken at the 300 level.
Total Required Credits: 90 minimum
Program Outcomes
Program outcomes are overarching skills that are emphasized and reinforced throughout several courses in a specific program; they are measurable statements that define what students should know or be able to do by the end of a certificate or degree at Clark College. After successful completion of this program, students will be able to:
  • Information Literacy: Obtain, evaluate, and ethically use information.
  • Communications: Communicate with various audiences using a variety of methods.
  • Quantitative I: Perform mathematical calculations without the aid of a calculator.
  • Quantitative II: Solve quantitative problems and interpret the solutions.
  • Health & Physical Education: Demonstrate progress toward healthier behaviors.
  • Humanities: Analyze, interpret, and evaluate works and ideas in the Humanities within appropriate global and historical contexts.
  • Social Science: Evaluate, analyze and explain events, behaviors, and institutions using perspectives and methods in the Social Sciences.
  • Power, Privilege, and Inequality: Analyze patterns of power, privilege and inequality.
  • Natural Science I: Apply fundamental principles and relationships from the Natural Sciences to solve problems.
  • Natural Science II: Evaluate claims about the natural world using scientific methodology.